southern route

from semi-deserts to lush forests

To truly experience Azerbaijan’s natural diversity, head south to Lankaran, Lerik and Astara to a land of hot springs, nature reserves and the majestic Talysh Mountains. The local cuisine is pretty great too – don't leave without trying dishes like fish lavangi or parcha-dosheme plov and enjoy endless cups of freshly grown Azerbaijani tea.

southern routegateway to the subtropics

Enjoy citrus, tea, mountains, sea… and learn the secrets of longevity 

Bordered by the Caspian Sea and the lush Talysh Mountains, the Lankaran region’s countryside is diverse and eye-catching. The zone is home to two protected areas, the Gizil Aghaj Reserve and the Hirkan National Park, offering a surprising variety of vistas for such a small area – you can journey between dramatic mountains, calm seaside and ancient forests all within the space of just a few hours. What's more, with the curative black sands of Caspian-lapped beaches, aromatic tea, fragrant citrus fruits and a number of hot springs, this subtropical corner of Azerbaijan is naturally therapeutic.

Climate

Climate

The southern region has a humid subtropical climate and rainfall is high due to the proximity of sea and mountains. 26% of this region is covered by lush forests. Expect hot, humid summers and mild winters by the coast and cooler temperatures in the mountains.

Natural resources

Natural resources

This region is rich in thermal and mineral waters. The humid subtropical climate, fertile soils and high rainfall provide great opportunities for agriculture, and the national parks abound with rare flora and fauna.

Accessibility

Accessibility

There is an international airport in Lankaran as well as a railway between Baku and Astara. A smooth highway goes to Lankaran and Astara and daily buses from Baku's International Bus Station go to each town and city. Taxis and shared cars are available.

Economy

Economy

Agriculture is the lifeblood of this region, which is famous for its citrus, tea and rice production. The vast majority of Azerbaijani tea is grown in Masalli, Lankaran and Astara. Fishing, viticulture and tourism also play an important role in the local economy.

where to goin the southern route

Baku
Baku

Baku

Discover Baku, a truly contemporary city criss-crossed by history. From the modern elegance of the Flame Towers to the medieval old city full of life. More

Lankaran
Lankaran

Lankaran

If you love nature you should visit Lankaran, region wedged between the Caspian Sea and the lush Talysh Mountains; a place with unique natural diversity. More

Lerik
Lerik

Lerik

Mentioned by some historical writers, Lerik is blessed with nature so pure and peaceful it’s no wonder that it is known as the Land of Centenarians. More

what to doin the southern route

Discover Gobustan's ancient rock art
Discover Gobustan's ancient rock art
Arts, culture and heritage

Discover Gobustan's ancient rock art

Uncover an astonishing collection of over 6,000 ancient petroglyphs charting ways of life dating back... More

Explore Lankaran's nature reserves
Explore Lankaran's nature reserves
National parks

Explore Lankaran's nature reserves

The swamps of the Gizil Aghaj and the Hirkan National Park are two wonderful natural... More

Health & wellness experiences in Lankaran
Health & wellness experiences in Lankaran
Medical

Health & wellness experiences in Lankaran

Nestled between the Caspian Sea and the Talysh Mountains, Lankaran has plenty of natural beauty.... More

Learn the secrets to a long and healthy life in Lerik
Learn the secrets to a long and healthy life in Lerik
Arts, culture and heritage

Learn the secrets to a long and healthy life in Lerik

Lerik is a town and region sometimes called 'the land of centenarians'. And there's a... More

Explore Baku's Old City
Explore Baku's Old City
Carpet

Explore Baku's Old City

A city within a city, the Old City is Baku's historic core and a UNESCO... More

take a walking tour of  Baku’s oil-boom architecture
take a walking tour of Baku’s oil-boom architecture
German heritage

take a walking tour of Baku’s oil-boom architecture

Discover the stunning old architecture built in Baku during the late 19th century, early 20th... More

Stroll along Caspian seaside boulevard
Stroll along Caspian seaside boulevard
Family holidays

Stroll along Caspian seaside boulevard

To soak up Baku’s relaxed seaside atmosphere, take a stroll along the beloved Boulevard. Founded... More

Shopping: boutiques & bazaars in Baku
Shopping: boutiques & bazaars in Baku
Bazaar experience

Shopping: boutiques & bazaars in Baku

Baku has the perfect combination of international shops, fashion boutiques and traditional stores and bazaars.... More

Play golf in Baku
Play golf in Baku
Golf

Play golf in Baku

What more can a golf lover ask for than a challenging course and stunning scenery?... More

Visit Baku's Carpet Museum
Visit Baku's Carpet Museum
Fun and learn

Visit Baku's Carpet Museum

Situated on Baku's Seaside Boulevard, the Carpet Museum is home to the world’s largest collection... More

Dining in Baku
Dining in Baku
Traditional Food

Dining in Baku

Baku offers a wide variety of restaurants and bars, from the traditional options to the... More

Learn the legacy of ancient fire worshippers
Learn the legacy of ancient fire worshippers
Cultural activities

Learn the legacy of ancient fire worshippers

Discover the incredible story of Azerbaijan’s ancient fire worshippers. Visit the Ateshgah Fire Temple and... More

Enjoy the Caspian sea & beaches
Enjoy the Caspian sea & beaches
Beach activities

Enjoy the Caspian sea & beaches

From water sports to romantic afternoons and lively evening parties, the sandy Caspian beaches around... More

Explore Baku's mud volcanoes
Explore Baku's mud volcanoes
National parks

Explore Baku's mud volcanoes

Discover why the landscape around Baku is fulfilled by mud volcanoes, how are they formed... More

Kick back on black-sand beaches in Lankaran
Kick back on black-sand beaches in Lankaran
Beach activities

Kick back on black-sand beaches in Lankaran

Lankaran is situated on the coast of the Caspian Sea and has several beautiful beaches... More

Join tea and citrus plantation tours in Lankaran
Join tea and citrus plantation tours in Lankaran

Join tea and citrus plantation tours in Lankaran

Lankaran has the perfect environmental conditions to host tea an citrus plantation. Take a tour... More

Enjoy history and culture in Lankaran
Enjoy history and culture in Lankaran
Arts, culture and heritage

Enjoy history and culture in Lankaran

With exhibits spanning from the Bronze Age to the Talysh Khanate and World War II,... More

Uncover Jewish traces in Baku
Uncover Jewish traces in Baku
Heritage sites

Uncover Jewish traces in Baku

Since the early 1800s, Baku has been home to a vibrant community of Jews. Explore... More

Relax at Baku’s traditional hammams
Relax at Baku’s traditional hammams
Wellness

Relax at Baku’s traditional hammams

Discover centuries-old hammams like Agha Mikayil, Agha Zeynal, and Tezebay to rejuvenate in the traditional... More

Horse riding in Baku
Horse riding in Baku
Adventure & sports

Horse riding in Baku

Horse riding and polo are truly royal experiences Baku can offer. Spend an active and... More

Gutab-making masterclasses
Gutab-making masterclasses
Food, drinks and nightlife

Gutab-making masterclasses

If you're in Baku and keen to uncover local culinary secrets then don't miss the... More

Visit Yashil Bazaar for a world of aromas
Visit Yashil Bazaar for a world of aromas
Bazaar experience

Visit Yashil Bazaar for a world of aromas

Baku's Yashil Bazaar is one of the largest food bazaars in the Caucasus. Enter it... More

Take a wine bar crawl
Take a wine bar crawl
Wine Degustation

Take a wine bar crawl

Baku's growing number of wine bars are a great place to soak up the local... More

Tours of the Marandi winery
Tours of the Marandi winery
Wineries

Tours of the Marandi winery

Visiting the Marandi Winery is a great half-day adventure from Baku and a unique opportunity... More

Experience Lankaran’s rich local cuisine
Experience Lankaran’s rich local cuisine
Traditional Food

Experience Lankaran’s rich local cuisine

Travellers in search of Azerbaijan's gastronomic delights should definitely visit Lankaran, where you'll find an... More

Culinary masterclasses – lavangi and pumpkin pilaf
Culinary masterclasses – lavangi and pumpkin pilaf
Culinary master classes

Culinary masterclasses – lavangi and pumpkin pilaf

If you're looking for great gastronomical experiences in Azerbaijan, the southern region of Lankaran is... More

Browse the home of Azerbaijani fine arts
Browse the home of Azerbaijani fine arts
Art and Culture Museums

Browse the home of Azerbaijani fine arts

Discover an oil-boom mansion packed with a wealth of art spanning multiple centuries and geographic... More

Admire the curves and collections of the Heydar Aliyev Centre
Admire the curves and collections of the Heydar Aliyev Centre
Art and Culture Museums

Admire the curves and collections of the Heydar Aliyev Centre

Explore the wide range of art collections and exhibitions of the Heydar Aliyev Centre, then... More

Snap a photo of the Flame Towers
Snap a photo of the Flame Towers
Arts, culture and heritage

Snap a photo of the Flame Towers

The trio of skyscrapers named the Flame Towers are one of the top architectural wonders... More

Shop and socialise in the Port Baku area
Shop and socialise in the Port Baku area
Arts, culture and heritage

Shop and socialise in the Port Baku area

If you love going out to eat or shop and are looking for an upmarket... More

A trip to the village of Sim
A trip to the village of Sim
National parks

A trip to the village of Sim

You can join the hiking tours to Sim village, which is located in a short... More

Relax and have fun at Zire Ecopark
Relax and have fun at Zire Ecopark
Culture with Kids

Relax and have fun at Zire Ecopark

The modern cultural centre and ecopark in the Baku village of Zire offers dozens of... More

Mountain adventures in Lerik
Mountain adventures in Lerik
Other routes

Mountain adventures in Lerik

The villages in the Talish Mountains in the Lerik district are each more beautiful than... More

Polish heritage in Baku
Polish heritage in Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Polish heritage in Baku

In the central streets of Baku there are dozens of stunning European-style buildings built during... More

Birdwatching in Shirvan National Park
Birdwatching in Shirvan National Park
National parks (birdwatching)

Birdwatching in Shirvan National Park

One of Azerbaijan’s top nature sites, Shirvan National Park is a paradise for birders for... More

Birdwatching in Gizil Aghaj National Park
Birdwatching in Gizil Aghaj National Park
National parks (birdwatching)

Birdwatching in Gizil Aghaj National Park

Gizil Aghaj National Park is one of the top sites for birders in Azerbaijan. Its... More

Birdwatching in the Talish Mountains
Birdwatching in the Talish Mountains
Birdwatching

Birdwatching in the Talish Mountains

The Talish Mountains cover much of Azerbaijan’s south-eastern region and straddle the border with Iran.... More

The Museum of Miniature Books
The Museum of Miniature Books
Art and Culture Museums

The Museum of Miniature Books

In Baku there’s an unusual museum whose exhibits fit easily into the palm of your... More

Gala State Historical and Ethnographic Reserve
Gala State Historical and Ethnographic Reserve
Ethnography Museums

Gala State Historical and Ethnographic Reserve

If you want to see ancient ruins, a medieval town of the Absheron Peninsula and... More

Baku Olympic Stadium
Baku Olympic Stadium
Adventure & sports

Baku Olympic Stadium

The architecture of Baku never ceases to amaze. You’ll be convinced of this yourself after... More

Children's entertainment on the seashore
Children's entertainment on the seashore
Family holidays

Children's entertainment on the seashore

Located on the seafront boulevard, Deniz Mall is not just a great destination for shopping... More

Fun for everyone at the Baku circus
Fun for everyone at the Baku circus
Family holidays

Fun for everyone at the Baku circus

Professional circus shows first appeared in Azerbaijan in the late 19th century. Today, at the... More

Unique Museums

More

Visit the world’s first oil tanker museum
Visit the world’s first oil tanker museum
Unique Museums

Visit the world’s first oil tanker museum

Did you know that the world's first oil tanker was put into operation in Baku... More

Take a walking tour  of Soviet films shot in Baku
Take a walking tour of Soviet films shot in Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Take a walking tour of Soviet films shot in Baku

Baku has always stood out for its international character, blending harmoniously elements of East and... More

Exciting wildlife in the city center
Exciting wildlife in the city center
Family holidays

Exciting wildlife in the city center

Without leaving the city center, you can find yourself in the animal world by visiting... More

The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan
The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan
Museums & galleries

The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan

The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan is incomparably important in terms of protection and... More

Modern art in ancient city
Modern art in ancient city
Art and Culture Museums

Modern art in ancient city

Azerbaijan’s representatives of fine arts and sculpture, distinguished by their original works, are also well-known... More

Nobel brothers’ house-museum
Nobel brothers’ house-museum
Unique Museums

Nobel brothers’ house-museum

By visiting the former Baku residence of the Nobel brothers, who made an exceptional contribution... More

House-museum of genius musicians
House-museum of genius musicians
Art and Culture Museums

House-museum of genius musicians

Mstislav Rostropovich, a world-famous musician and genius cellist, holds a special place among the prominent... More

Tahir Salahov’s  world of colors
Tahir Salahov’s world of colors
Art and Culture Museums

Tahir Salahov’s world of colors

As you walk through the narrow streets of the Old City, you can come across... More

Prominent people of Baku
Prominent people of Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Prominent people of Baku

Take a cultural tour of Baku to learn about prominent artists and musicians who left... More

Ali and Nino - walking tour of Baku
Ali and Nino - walking tour of Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Ali and Nino - walking tour of Baku

This tour will take you to the places where the events in the novel "Ali and... More

Immerse yourself in art on the Caspian shoreline
Immerse yourself in art on the Caspian shoreline
Arts, culture and heritage

Immerse yourself in art on the Caspian shoreline

Constantly in search of new trends, Azerbaijan’s contemporary artists are increasingly attracting attention for their... More

Take a journey through Azerbaijan’s literary history
Take a journey through Azerbaijan’s literary history
Arts, culture and heritage

Take a journey through Azerbaijan’s literary history

Azerbaijan has created some of the most beautiful examples of Oriental literature in different periods... More

Discover the literary heritage of Magsud Ibrahimbayov
Discover the literary heritage of Magsud Ibrahimbayov
Arts, culture and heritage

Discover the literary heritage of Magsud Ibrahimbayov

Magsud Ibrahimbayov (1935-2016) was an honoured Azerbaijani writer and public figure who authored numerous popular... More

The jazz world  of Vagif Mustafazade
The jazz world of Vagif Mustafazade
Arts, culture and heritage

The jazz world of Vagif Mustafazade

A visit to the house museum of Vagif Mustafazade, whose music and magnificent performances are... More

House-museum of Gara Garayev
House-museum of Gara Garayev
Arts, culture and heritage

House-museum of Gara Garayev

A visit to the house-museum of Gara Garayev, one of the most prominent representatives of... More

Birdwatching in Absheron National Park
Birdwatching in Absheron National Park
National parks (birdwatching)

Birdwatching in Absheron National Park

Birders who visit this remote part of the Absheron Peninsula will be rewarded with sightings... More

In the abode of flames an exciting adventure
In the abode of flames an exciting adventure
Adventure & sports

In the abode of flames an exciting adventure

Yanardag (the Burning Mountain) is one of Azerbaijan’s most famous sights, home to natural flames... More

Take a yacht trip on the blue Caspian
Take a yacht trip on the blue Caspian
Exploring outdoors

Take a yacht trip on the blue Caspian

Go for a sail on the Caspian Sea and have a wonderful time with your... More

Relax your body and mind at the Hamambath Wellness & Spa Complex
Relax your body and mind at the Hamambath Wellness & Spa Complex
Wellness

Relax your body and mind at the Hamambath Wellness & Spa Complex

The hammam is a symbol of cleanliness, purity and wellbeing in Eastern culture. A visit... More

Southern route

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Southern route

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see other routesin Azerbaijan

Northern route
Northern route
between | mountains & sea

Northern route

This route leads from Azerbaijan’s buzzing capital along the Caspian Sea coast and into the heart of the Caucasus Mountains. Expect outdoor adventures such as hiking, kitesurfing and paragliding, culinary surprises and some of the best scenery anywhere in the Caucasus. More

North-western route
North-western route
north-western route| spirit of the Silk Road

North-western route

You’ll be following in the footsteps of ancient travellers and merchants on this scenic route along the southern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains. More

Western route
Western route
western route | history & heritage

Western route

Naftalan’s healing oil is one of Azerbaijan’s great natural wonders but the western region is also packed with heart-stopping history and breathtaking landscapes. More

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