western route

healing nature inspiring history

Naftalan’s healing oil is one of Azerbaijan’s great natural wonders but the western region is also packed with heart-stopping history and breathtaking landscapes.

western routehistory & heritage

From German heritage to medicinal oil

Bordered by the majestic Caucasus Mountains and the Kura River, Azerbaijan’s western region is brimming with history and beautiful landscapes. If you like the sound of discovering the story of the Caucasus Germans, visiting some of the country’s oldest wineries and visiting luxury spas offering curative oil therapy, then this route has plenty for you.

Climate

Climate

This area is a mix of semi-desert lowlands and mountains, so temperatures can vary greatly. Expect hot dry summers lower down and much cooler weather in the mountains with snow in winter. 

Natural resources

Natural resources

In addition to oil and natural gas, the mountains around Dashkesen are rich in deposits of iron, alunite, gold, copper, and limestone. The Kura River flows through the region and is a key source of hydropower.

Accessibility

Accessibility

As well as having an international airport, Ganja is on the railway line and highway that link Baku and Tbilisi. An express train also operates daily between Baku and Ganja, and buses go regularly from Baku's International Bus Station to each town and city in the region. Taxis and shared cars are also readily available.

Economy

Economy

Ganja and Dashkesan are centres of Azerbaijan's metallurgical industry while agriculture is a key activity throughout the region. Shamkir is renowned for its production of fruit and vegetables, Gadabay for its potatoes and winemaking is widespread from Ganja to Tovuz.

where to goin the western route

Baku
Baku

Baku

Discover Baku, a truly contemporary city criss-crossed by history. From the modern elegance of the Flame Towers to the medieval old city full of life. More

Ganja
Ganja

Ganja

Famous as the birthplace of legendary Azerbaijani poet Nizami, Ganja is an ancient city with a vibrant youth culture and several culinary delicacies to sample. More

Naftalan
Naftalan

Naftalan

Lay down and enjoy Naftalan, a unique resort town of international importance with the only healing naphthalene oil field in the world! More

Goygol
Goygol

Goygol

Discover one of the most picturesque regions in the country. Goygol is celebrated in poetry, paintings and songs as the country’s most loved mountain lake. More

Shamkir
Shamkir

Shamkir

Visit Shamkir, famous for its greenhouses, folk music, fresh agriculture and historical parks. Learn about its history and german heritage. More

what to doin the western route

Stroll through the Khan’s Park & central Ganja
Stroll through the Khan’s Park & central Ganja
Mosques and Tombs

Stroll through the Khan’s Park & central Ganja

Spend half a day strolling in Ganja's city center, exploring its main historical attractions. Discover... More

Be inspired by Lake Goygol
Be inspired by Lake Goygol
National parks

Be inspired by Lake Goygol

Located in the Goygol National Park, Lake Goygol is beloved by Azerbaijanis for its crystal-clear water... More

Travel back to ancient Shamkir
Travel back to ancient Shamkir
Arts, culture and heritage

Travel back to ancient Shamkir

Shamkir has a rich history. Explore its wonderful old city ruins and discover more of the... More

Relax at Baku’s traditional hammams
Relax at Baku’s traditional hammams
Wellness

Relax at Baku’s traditional hammams

Discover centuries-old hammams like Agha Mikayil, Agha Zeynal, and Tezebay to rejuvenate in the traditional... More

Explore Baku's Old City
Explore Baku's Old City
Carpet

Explore Baku's Old City

A city within a city, the Old City is Baku's historic core and a UNESCO... More

take a walking tour of  Baku’s oil-boom architecture
take a walking tour of Baku’s oil-boom architecture
German heritage

take a walking tour of Baku’s oil-boom architecture

Discover the stunning old architecture built in Baku during the late 19th century, early 20th... More

Stroll along Caspian seaside boulevard
Stroll along Caspian seaside boulevard
Family holidays

Stroll along Caspian seaside boulevard

To soak up Baku’s relaxed seaside atmosphere, take a stroll along the beloved Boulevard. Founded... More

Shopping: boutiques & bazaars in Baku
Shopping: boutiques & bazaars in Baku
Bazaar experience

Shopping: boutiques & bazaars in Baku

Baku has the perfect combination of international shops, fashion boutiques and traditional stores and bazaars.... More

Play golf in Baku
Play golf in Baku
Golf

Play golf in Baku

What more can a golf lover ask for than a challenging course and stunning scenery?... More

Visit Baku's Carpet Museum
Visit Baku's Carpet Museum
Fun and learn

Visit Baku's Carpet Museum

Situated on Baku's Seaside Boulevard, the Carpet Museum is home to the world’s largest collection... More

Dining in Baku
Dining in Baku
Traditional Food

Dining in Baku

Baku offers a wide variety of restaurants and bars, from the traditional options to the... More

Learn the legacy of ancient fire worshippers
Learn the legacy of ancient fire worshippers
Cultural activities

Learn the legacy of ancient fire worshippers

Discover the incredible story of Azerbaijan’s ancient fire worshippers. Visit the Ateshgah Fire Temple and... More

Enjoy the Caspian sea & beaches
Enjoy the Caspian sea & beaches
Beach activities

Enjoy the Caspian sea & beaches

From water sports to romantic afternoons and lively evening parties, the sandy Caspian beaches around... More

Discover Gobustan's ancient rock art
Discover Gobustan's ancient rock art
Arts, culture and heritage

Discover Gobustan's ancient rock art

Uncover an astonishing collection of over 6,000 ancient petroglyphs charting ways of life dating back... More

Explore Baku's mud volcanoes
Explore Baku's mud volcanoes
National parks

Explore Baku's mud volcanoes

Discover why the landscape around Baku is fulfilled by mud volcanoes, how are they formed... More

Get a photo of Ganja's Bottle House
Get a photo of Ganja's Bottle House
Family holidays

Get a photo of Ganja's Bottle House

One of Ganja's most unusual building, the Bottle House is a curious two-storey building worth... More

Visit the Imamzadeh Mausoleum in Ganja
Visit the Imamzadeh Mausoleum in Ganja
Mosques and Tombs

Visit the Imamzadeh Mausoleum in Ganja

Located roughly 7 km north of Ganja city centre, the Imamzadeh Mausoleum is one of... More

Experience Ganja's local cuisine
Experience Ganja's local cuisine
Food, drinks and nightlife

Experience Ganja's local cuisine

Ganja's cooks give an interesting twist to delicious national desserts and dishes. Be sure to... More

Visit German-inspired Goygol
Visit German-inspired Goygol
Arts, culture and heritage

Visit German-inspired Goygol

Ganja has an interesting culinary take on different delicious desserts and dishes. Don't forget tasting... More

Bathe in Naftalan oil to relieve aches and pains
Bathe in Naftalan oil to relieve aches and pains
Health & wellness

Bathe in Naftalan oil to relieve aches and pains

Naftalan is a resort named after a rare type of oil famous for its healing properties.... More

Rejuvenate at Naftalan's wellness resorts
Rejuvenate at Naftalan's wellness resorts
Health & wellness

Rejuvenate at Naftalan's wellness resorts

For nearly a century the resort town of Naftalan has been attracting sufferers of all... More

Visit Shamkir’s German heritage
Visit Shamkir’s German heritage
Arts, culture and heritage

Visit Shamkir’s German heritage

Shamkir was once a German colony known for winemaking. However, it still has a unique... More

Experience the city of Shamkir
Experience the city of Shamkir
Shopping

Experience the city of Shamkir

Shamkir has interesting events or locations you should experience while in Azerbaijan. Enjoy the agricultural... More

Day tours to learn about Gadabay's history
Day tours to learn about Gadabay's history
German heritage

Day tours to learn about Gadabay's history

In the middle of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, Gadabay has many stories to tell. Read... More

Uncover Jewish traces in Baku
Uncover Jewish traces in Baku
Heritage sites

Uncover Jewish traces in Baku

Since the early 1800s, Baku has been home to a vibrant community of Jews. Explore... More

Horse riding in Baku
Horse riding in Baku
Adventure & sports

Horse riding in Baku

Horse riding is a truly royal experience Baku can offer. Spend an active and unforgettable... More

Gutab-making masterclasses
Gutab-making masterclasses
Food, drinks and nightlife

Gutab-making masterclasses

If you're in Baku and keen to uncover local culinary secrets then don't miss the... More

Visit Yashil Bazaar for a world of aromas
Visit Yashil Bazaar for a world of aromas
Bazaar experience

Visit Yashil Bazaar for a world of aromas

Baku's Yashil Bazaar is one of the largest food bazaars in the Caucasus. Enter it... More

Take a wine bar crawl
Take a wine bar crawl
Wine Degustation

Take a wine bar crawl

Baku's growing number of wine bars are a great place to soak up the local... More

Tours of Sharg Ulduzu
Tours of Sharg Ulduzu
Wineries

Tours of Sharg Ulduzu

Discover the Sharg Ulduzu Winery in western Azerbaijan, popular especially for its dry red wines.... More

Tour the Goygol Winery
Tour the Goygol Winery
German heritage

Tour the Goygol Winery

Since 1860, Helenendorf, currently Goygol, is known as the birthplace of the wine industry in... More

Tours of the Marandi winery
Tours of the Marandi winery
Wineries

Tours of the Marandi winery

Visiting the Marandi Winery is a great half-day adventure from Baku and a unique opportunity... More

Feel the vibe of the Kur river in Mingachevir
Feel the vibe of the Kur river in Mingachevir
German heritage

Feel the vibe of the Kur river in Mingachevir

Enjoy the pleasing views and peaceful atmosphere by the Kura river in Mingachevir, one of... More

Browse the home of Azerbaijani fine arts
Browse the home of Azerbaijani fine arts
Art and Culture Museums

Browse the home of Azerbaijani fine arts

Discover an oil-boom mansion packed with a wealth of art spanning multiple centuries and geographic... More

Admire the curves and collections of the Heydar Aliyev Centre
Admire the curves and collections of the Heydar Aliyev Centre
Art and Culture Museums

Admire the curves and collections of the Heydar Aliyev Centre

Explore the wide range of art collections and exhibitions of the Heydar Aliyev Centre, then... More

Snap a photo of the Flame Towers
Snap a photo of the Flame Towers
Arts, culture and heritage

Snap a photo of the Flame Towers

The trio of skyscrapers named the Flame Towers are one of the top architectural wonders... More

Shop and socialise in the Port Baku area
Shop and socialise in the Port Baku area
Arts, culture and heritage

Shop and socialise in the Port Baku area

If you love going out to eat or shop and are looking for an upmarket... More

Relax and have fun at Zire Ecopark
Relax and have fun at Zire Ecopark
Culture with Kids

Relax and have fun at Zire Ecopark

The modern cultural centre and ecopark in the Baku village of Zire offers dozens of... More

Polish heritage in Baku
Polish heritage in Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Polish heritage in Baku

In the central streets of Baku there are dozens of stunning European-style buildings built during... More

Birdwatching in Mingachevir
Birdwatching in Mingachevir
Birdwatching

Birdwatching in Mingachevir

The wetlands, lakes and steppes near the city of Mingachevir offer a varied and memorable... More

The Museum of Miniature Books
The Museum of Miniature Books
Art and Culture Museums

The Museum of Miniature Books

In Baku there’s an unusual museum whose exhibits fit easily into the palm of your... More

Gala State Historical and Ethnographic Reserve
Gala State Historical and Ethnographic Reserve
Ethnography Museums

Gala State Historical and Ethnographic Reserve

If you want to see ancient ruins, a medieval town of the Absheron Peninsula and... More

Baku Olympic Stadium
Baku Olympic Stadium
Adventure & sports

Baku Olympic Stadium

The architecture of Baku never ceases to amaze. You’ll be convinced of this yourself after... More

Hiking along the Azgilli – Chiragli trail
Hiking along the Azgilli – Chiragli trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Azgilli – Chiragli trail

Walking along this trail connecting the Goygol and Dashkasan regions, you can enjoy magnificent views... More

Hiking along the Azgilli – Javadkhan trail
Hiking along the Azgilli – Javadkhan trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Azgilli – Javadkhan trail

Along this route connecting Azgilli village with the Javadkhan prak you can enjoy magnificent views of... More

Hiking along the Javadkhan – Azgilli trail
Hiking along the Javadkhan – Azgilli trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Javadkhan – Azgilli trail

Walking this route, which connects the Javadkhan peak with Azgilli village, you can enjoy magnificent... More

Hiking along the Javadkhan peak – Chiragli trail
Hiking along the Javadkhan peak – Chiragli trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Javadkhan peak – Chiragli trail

Walking along this route, which connects the Javadkhan peak with Chiragli village and therefore the... More

Hiking along the Chiragli – Azgilli trail
Hiking along the Chiragli – Azgilli trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Chiragli – Azgilli trail

Walking along this trail connecting the Dashkasan and Goygol regions, you can see magnificent views... More

Hiking along the Dastafur – Chiragli trail
Hiking along the Dastafur – Chiragli trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Dastafur – Chiragli trail

This trail connecting the Goygol and Dashkasan regions begins in Dastafur village, located on the... More

Hiking along the Chiragli – Dastafur trail
Hiking along the Chiragli – Dastafur trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Chiragli – Dastafur trail

This trail connecting the Dashkasan and Goygol regions begins in the uniquely beautiful Chiragli village,... More

Hiking along the Amirvar – Mahrasa trail
Hiking along the Amirvar – Mahrasa trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Amirvar – Mahrasa trail

Following this trail connecting the Dashkasan and Gadabay regions, you can see the Maiden Tower,... More

Hiking along the Mahrasa Temple – Amirvar trail
Hiking along the Mahrasa Temple – Amirvar trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Mahrasa Temple – Amirvar trail

Following this trail connecting the Dashkasan and Gadabay regions, you can see the Maiden Tower,... More

Hiking along the Soyugbulag – Mahrasa Temple trail
Hiking along the Soyugbulag – Mahrasa Temple trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Soyugbulag – Mahrasa Temple trail

Walking along this trail connecting the Dashkasan and Gadabay regions, you can see the Maiden... More

Hiking along the Mahrasa Temple – Soyugbulag trail
Hiking along the Mahrasa Temple – Soyugbulag trail
Marked trails

Hiking along the Mahrasa Temple – Soyugbulag trail

Walking along this trail connecting the Gadabay and Dashkasan regions, you can see the Maiden... More

Hiking along the Chiragli trail-Javadkhan peak
Hiking along the Chiragli trail-Javadkhan peak
Marked trails

Hiking along the Chiragli trail-Javadkhan peak

Walking along this route which connects the Goygol and Dashkasan regions, you can enjoy magnificent... More

The largest park in the Caucasus walking and relaxation
The largest park in the Caucasus walking and relaxation
Exploring outdoors

The largest park in the Caucasus walking and relaxation

Heydar Aliyev Park, one of the symbols of modern Ganja, is a unique place where... More

Children's entertainment on the seashore
Children's entertainment on the seashore
Family holidays

Children's entertainment on the seashore

Located on the seafront boulevard, Deniz Mall is not just a great destination for shopping... More

Fun for everyone at the Baku circus
Fun for everyone at the Baku circus
Family holidays

Fun for everyone at the Baku circus

Professional circus shows first appeared in Azerbaijan in the late 19th century. Today, at the... More

Unique Museums

More

Visit the world’s first oil tanker museum
Visit the world’s first oil tanker museum
Unique Museums

Visit the world’s first oil tanker museum

Did you know that the world's first oil tanker was put into operation in Baku... More

Take a walking tour  of Soviet films shot in Baku
Take a walking tour of Soviet films shot in Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Take a walking tour of Soviet films shot in Baku

Baku has always stood out for its international character, blending harmoniously elements of East and... More

Exciting wildlife in the city center
Exciting wildlife in the city center
Family holidays

Exciting wildlife in the city center

Without leaving the city center, you can find yourself in the animal world by visiting... More

The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan
The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan
Museums & galleries

The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan

The National Museum of History of Azerbaijan is incomparably important in terms of protection and... More

Modern art in ancient city
Modern art in ancient city
Art and Culture Museums

Modern art in ancient city

Azerbaijan’s representatives of fine arts and sculpture, distinguished by their original works, are also well-known... More

Nobel brothers’ house-museum
Nobel brothers’ house-museum
Unique Museums

Nobel brothers’ house-museum

By visiting the former Baku residence of the Nobel brothers, who made an exceptional contribution... More

House-museum of genius musicians
House-museum of genius musicians
Art and Culture Museums

House-museum of genius musicians

Mstislav Rostropovich, a world-famous musician and genius cellist, holds a special place among the prominent... More

Tahir Salahov’s  world of colors
Tahir Salahov’s world of colors
Art and Culture Museums

Tahir Salahov’s world of colors

As you walk through the narrow streets of the Old City, you can come across... More

Prominent people of Baku
Prominent people of Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Prominent people of Baku

Take a cultural tour of Baku to learn about prominent artists and musicians who left... More

Ali and Nino - walking tour of Baku
Ali and Nino - walking tour of Baku
Arts, culture and heritage

Ali and Nino - walking tour of Baku

This tour will take you to the places where the events in the novel "Ali and... More

Ali and Nino - walking tour of Ganja city
Ali and Nino - walking tour of Ganja city
Arts, culture and heritage

Ali and Nino - walking tour of Ganja city

This tour will take you on a journey through the historical places of Ganja in the... More

Immerse yourself in art on the Caspian shoreline
Immerse yourself in art on the Caspian shoreline
Arts, culture and heritage

Immerse yourself in art on the Caspian shoreline

Constantly in search of new trends, Azerbaijan’s contemporary artists are increasingly attracting attention for their... More

Take a journey through Azerbaijan’s literary history
Take a journey through Azerbaijan’s literary history
Arts, culture and heritage

Take a journey through Azerbaijan’s literary history

Azerbaijan has created some of the most beautiful examples of Oriental literature in different periods... More

Discover the literary heritage of Magsud Ibrahimbayov
Discover the literary heritage of Magsud Ibrahimbayov
Arts, culture and heritage

Discover the literary heritage of Magsud Ibrahimbayov

Magsud Ibrahimbayov (1935-2016) was an honoured Azerbaijani writer and public figure who authored numerous popular... More

The jazz world  of Vagif Mustafazade
The jazz world of Vagif Mustafazade
Arts, culture and heritage

The jazz world of Vagif Mustafazade

A visit to the house museum of Vagif Mustafazade, whose music and magnificent performances are... More

House-museum of Gara Garayev
House-museum of Gara Garayev
Arts, culture and heritage

House-museum of Gara Garayev

A visit to the house-museum of Gara Garayev, one of the most prominent representatives of... More

Birdwatching in Absheron National Park
Birdwatching in Absheron National Park
National parks (birdwatching)

Birdwatching in Absheron National Park

Birders who visit this remote part of the Absheron Peninsula will be rewarded with sightings... More

In the abode of flames an exciting adventure
In the abode of flames an exciting adventure
Adventure & sports

In the abode of flames an exciting adventure

Yanardag (the Burning Mountain) is one of Azerbaijan’s most famous sights, home to natural flames... More

Take a yacht trip on the blue Caspian
Take a yacht trip on the blue Caspian
Exploring outdoors

Take a yacht trip on the blue Caspian

Go for a sail on the Caspian Sea and have a wonderful time with your... More

Relax your body and mind at the Hamambath Wellness & Spa Complex
Relax your body and mind at the Hamambath Wellness & Spa Complex
Wellness

Relax your body and mind at the Hamambath Wellness & Spa Complex

The hammam is a symbol of cleanliness, purity and wellbeing in Eastern culture. A visit... More

Ganjasenet arts & crafts fair
Ganjasenet arts & crafts fair
Exploring outdoors

Ganjasenet arts & crafts fair

Ganja, a city of ancient culture and the birthplace of the great Azerbaijani poet Nizami... More

Hit the bull’s eye at Baku Shooting Center
Hit the bull’s eye at Baku Shooting Center
Outdoor Activities

Hit the bull’s eye at Baku Shooting Center

Baku Shooting Center waits for those who are used to always hit the target in... More

Discover Azerbaijan’s underwater secrets
Discover Azerbaijan’s underwater secrets
Adventure & sports

Discover Azerbaijan’s underwater secrets

Home to nine different climate zones in a small area, Azerbaijan is a nature-rich country... More

Enjoy a boat trip on the Baku Boulevard
Enjoy a boat trip on the Baku Boulevard
Adventure & sports

Enjoy a boat trip on the Baku Boulevard

The Seaside Boulevard is one of Baku’s must-see places. In addition to discovering its many... More

Windsurfing in Azerbaijan
Windsurfing in Azerbaijan
Adventure & sports

Windsurfing in Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan’s first windsurfing school, Windsurfing Baku, is the perfect place to learn new outdoor skills... More

Western route

Show:
Western route

bookan adventure

Choose from a wide range of places to stay and tours to enjoy for the ultimate Azerbaijan travel experience.

Asset 1 tours

plan your trip to Azerbaijan

Create a fully customised day-by-day itinerary for free

Azerbaijan right now #ExperienceAzerbaijan

This is where your mind will wander, where your soul will flourish & where your senses come alive. Share your experience.

see other routesin Azerbaijan

Northern route
Northern route
between | mountains & sea

Northern route

This route leads from Azerbaijan’s buzzing capital along the Caspian Sea coast and into the heart of the Caucasus Mountains. Expect outdoor adventures such as hiking, kitesurfing and paragliding, culinary surprises and some of the best scenery anywhere in the Caucasus. More

North-western route
North-western route
north-western route| spirit of the Silk Road

North-western route

You’ll be following in the footsteps of ancient travellers and merchants on this scenic route along the southern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains. More

Southern route
Southern route
southern route | gateway to the subtropics

Southern route

To truly experience Azerbaijan’s natural diversity, head south to Lankaran, Lerik and Astara to a land of hot springs, nature reserves and the majestic Talysh Mountains. The local cuisine is pretty great too – don't leave without trying dishes like fish lavangi or parcha-dosheme plov and enjoy endless cups of freshly grown Azerbaijani tea. More

subscribe to our newsletter