The Caspian Sea coast is a popular tourist destination due to its unique mild climate. Here you can rest and unwind from the hectic pace of life all year round, as well as swim and sunbathe starting from May to September. New modern hotels with well-kept private beaches for your comfort and pleasure were built here in the recent years.
Climate of the peninsula is mainly subtropical. That’s why winter is always mild and short and summer is long and hot in Baku. Despite the fact that Baku is located on the same latitude as Italy or Greece, rainfalls are not that frequent, and the average annual temperature is slightly higher here.
The capital of Azerbaijan, where past and present intricately intertwined, have always attracted tourists.
Of particular interest to guests of Baku is Old City or Icheri Sheher (Inner City), enclosed within the fortress walls, and Maiden Tower, which are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Of no less interest for the guests is the modern appearance of the capital. Among the new hallmarks of Baku one can distinguish the magnificent building complex Flame Towers, the Cultural Center named after Heydar Aliyev, the sports and leisure complex Crystal Hall.
Population 2 181 800 person
Washed by Caspian Sea Absheron is especially famous for its sandy beaches and numerous suburban settlements as well as the developed infrastructure of the hotels, water parks, café and restaurants.
Absheron peninsula has preserved a number of historical monuments: fire temple “Ateshgah” (XVII-XVIII centuries), Nardaran castle with (XIV century), Round castle (1232) and Quadrangular castle (XII century) in Mardakan settlement, castle of the middle of XIV century in Ramana settlement and others.
Population 195,1 thsd person
At the distance of 104 km from Baku is located a mountainous region with mild and dry climate called Khizi. The main natural attractions of the area – the legendary mountain Beshbarmag, named so because of its unusual shape is located here.
One of the most beautiful parts of Azerbaijan – Altiagach Reserve, also called “Jannat Bagi” – “The Garden of Eden” is located in Khizi district. Forests cover 90% of the territory.
Population 15,3 thsd person
Sixty km south of Baku, on an area of 537 hectares, there is the Gobustan National Historical-Artistic Reserve. There is one of the world's largest ancient petroglyphs collections counting more than 4,000 petroglyphs.
Cultural Landscape of Gobustan petroglyphs is included in UNESCO World Heritage List.
Gobustan District is situated on 90th km of Baku-Shamakhi Road. The administrative center of the district is an ancient city called Maraza. From this mountainous terrain the land of ancient Shirvan takes its beginning. In the 8th-16th centuries the state of Shirvanshahs with the capital in Shamakhi was located on the territory of ancient Shirvan.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AZERBAIJAN LITERATURE NAMED AFTER NIZAMI GANJAVI
BAKU - ABSHERON