The Caspian Sea coast is a popular tourist destination due to its unique mild climate. Here you can relax and unwind from the hectic pace of life all year round, as well as swim and sunbathe all the way from May to September. New modern hotels with well-kept private beaches for your comfort and pleasure have been built here during recent years.
The climate of the peninsula is mainly subtropical. That’s why the winter in Baku is always short and mild and summers long and hot. Despite the fact that Baku is located on the same latitude as Italy or Greece, rainfall is not that frequent and the average annual temperature is slightly higher.
The capital of Azerbaijan, where past and present are intricately intertwined, has always attracted tourists.
Of particular interest to guests of Baku is the Old City or Icheri Sheher (Inner City) with its fortress walls and Maiden Tower. These fascinating structures are in fact included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Of no less interest for visitors is the modern appearance of the capital. Among the new landmarks of Baku one can distinguish the magnificent Flame Towers building, Heydar Aliyev Center and the sports, leisure and entertainment complex, Crystal Hall.
Washed by the waters of the Caspian Sea, Absheron is especially famous for its sandy beaches and numerous suburban settlements as well as the developed infrastructure of its hotels, water parks, cafés and restaurants.
The Absheron Peninsula has preserved a number of historical monuments: the “Ateshgah” fire temple (XVII-XVIII centuries), The 14th Century Nardaran Castle, the Round Castle (1232) and Quadrangular Castle (XII century) in Mardakan settlement, the 14th Century castle in Ramana and others.
At a distance of 104 km from Baku, there is a mountainous region with a mild and dry climate known as Khizi, an area covered by over 90% forest. The main natural attraction of the area is the legendary mountain, Beshbarmag, named so because of its unusual shape.
One of the most beautiful parts of Azerbaijan – Altiagach Reserve, also called “Jannat Bagi” – “The Garden of Eden”, is located in Khizi district.
Sixty km south of Baku, in an area covering 537 hectares, there is the magnificent and fascinating Gobustan National Historical-Artistic Reserve. This is one of the world's largest ancient petroglyph complexes, boasting more than 4,000 petroglyphs on the site.
The Cultural Landscape of Gobustan petroglyph is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Gobustan District is situated on the Baku-Shamakhi Highway, 90 kms from Baku. The administrative center of the district is the ancient city of Maraza. This area is rich with monuments of the ancient Shirvan. In the 8th-16th centuries, the state of Shirvanshahs with its capital in Shamakhi, was located on the territory of ancient Shirvan.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AZERBAIJAN LITERATURE NAMED AFTER NIZAMI GANJAVI
BAKU - ABSHERON