The Caspian Sea coast is a popular tourist destination due to its unique mild climate. Here you can rest and unwind from the hectic pace of life all year round, as well asswim and sunbathe all the wayfrom May to September. New modern hotels with well-kept private beaches for your comfort and pleasure were built here during the recent years.
Climate of the peninsula is mainly subtropical. That’s why the winteris always mild and short and summer is long and hot in Baku. Despite the fact that Baku is located on the same latitude as Italy or Greece, rainfalls are not that frequent, and the average annual temperature is slightly higher.
The capital of Azerbaijan, where past and present intricately intertwined, have always attracted the tourists.
Of particular interest to guests of Baku is the Old City or IcheriSheher (Inner City), enclosed within the fortress walls, and Maiden Tower inside of it. These objects are in fact included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Of no less interest for the guests is the modern appearance of the capital. Among the new hallmarks of Baku one can distinguish the magnificent building complex Flame Towers, the Cultural Center named after Heydar Aliyev, the sports and leisure complex Crystal Hall.
Washed by Caspian Sea, Absheron is especially famous for its sandy beaches and numerous suburban settlements as well as the developed infrastructure of the hotels, water parks, café and restaurants.
Absheron peninsula has preserved a number of historical monuments:fire temple “Ateshgah” (XVII-XVIII centuries),Nardaran castle with (XIV century), Round castle (1232) and Quadrangular castle (XII century) in Mardakan settlement, castle of the middle of XIV century in Ramana settlement and others.
At the distance of 104 km from Baku there is a mountainous region with mild and dry climate called Khizi. The main natural attractions of the area – the legendary mountain Beshbarmag, named so because of its unusual shape is located here.
One of the most beautiful parts of Azerbaijan – Altiagach Reserve, also called “JannatBagi” – “The Garden of Eden” is located in Khizi district. Forests cover 90% of the territory.
Sixty km south of Baku, on an area of 537 hectares, there is the Gobustan National Historical-Artistic Reserve. Thisis one of the world's largest ancient petroglyphs complexes,counting more than 4,000 petroglyphs at one place.
The Cultural Landscape of Gobustanpetroglyphs isincluded in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Gobustan District is situated on 90th km of Baku-Shamakhi Road. The administrative center of the district is an ancient city called Maraza. This area is rich with monuments of the ancient Shirvan. In the 8th-16th centuries the state of Shirvanshahs with the capital in Shamakhi was located on the territory of ancient Shirvan.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AZERBAIJAN LITERATURE NAMED AFTER NIZAMI GANJAVI
BAKU - ABSHERON