Traveling along the line of mountains in the Nakhchivan Republic, we admire the magnificent beauty of nature, monuments of antiquity and stop by the villages hiding in the valleys. The cities of this region stand out forhistorical and artistic values, cozy corners, squares and inimitable hospitality.
The capital of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic,Nakhchivan City is 536 km away from Baku , near the border of Iran, close to Nakhchivan River. It is one of the most ancient cities ofAzerbaijan, and a folk legend says the city takes its beginning from Noah’s time, and Noah himself laid a foundation of the city after the Flood. There is Noah’s Mausoleum preserved in the southern part of the city.
The Mausoleum of Yusuf ibnKuseyr (1162), Alinja-Gala Fortress (11th-13th centuries), the majestic Khan Palace (18th century) and other historical venues are a small part of the historical heritage of this ancient region.
Nakhichevan is also a center for health tourism, thanks to the salt caves of the Duzdag Mountain and various mineral springs located here.
The Ordubad city is the second by importance in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. It is located at the foothills of the Zangezur range, at the bank of Ordubadchayriver, on the slopes of the canyon of the same name.
Ordubad is a small town – its population is slightly exceeding 10 thousands. But the most fame was brought to this town by rock paintings at the mountain Gemigaya located in 60 km to the south from Ordubad. This place is the second after Gobustan by concentration of petroglyphs in Azerbaijan.
This district is located in the west of NAR and has a border with Armenia and Iran.
Despite the fact the city is young this land is an area of ancient settlements. Excavations made in Arpachay and Araz rivers’ valleys found tracks of settlements of the Bronze Age. The name of Sharur is mentioned as a name of one of clans in “KitabiDedeGorgud”.
Located on the top of mountains and referred to Bronze and the beginning of Iron Age, “Gizgalasi” and “Oglangalasi” are the main archeological monuments of the region.
Shakhbuz district is located at the north of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.Shakhbuz city is the administrative center of the district.Ancient sites were found close to the Shakhbuz. Unusual residential places consisted of 4 rooms and one balcony were cut in the wall.
At the altitude of 1400 meters at the picturesque natural place is located a recreation area “Badamli”. A plant for bottling of mineral water Badamli is also located here.
In the mountains of Shakhbuz district at the sources of the Nakhchivanchayriver at an altitude of 2500 meters above sea level there is a picturesque lake Batabat, notable for a floating peat island.
This youngest district in the body of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic was established in 2004 and the district has received its name from the Turkish Albanian kengerli people. In the north the district borders with Armenia and in the south with Iran. The climate here is sharply continental –very hot in summer and very cold in winter.
The Garabaglar village (“the great gardens”) is located in the picturesque place on the slope of Lesser Caucasus.
Garabaglar was one of the ancient centers of culture in Nakhchivan. Water pipe lines were delivering water from mountain rivers to the city. The preserved complex Garabaglar is a typical example of Nakhchivan architectural school.