Traveling along the line of mountains in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, we admire the magnificent beauty of nature, monuments of antiquity and stop by the villages nesting in the valleys. The cities of this region stand out for their historical and artistic values, cozy corners, squares and inimitable hospitality.
The capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, Nakhchivan City is 536 km from Baku, near the border with Iran and close to the Nakhchivan River. It is one of the most ancient cities of Azerbaijan, and folk legend says the city takes its beginning from the time of Noah and that Noah himself laid the foundations of the city after the Great Flood. Noah’s Mausoleum is preserved in the southern part of the city.
The Mausoleum of Yusuf ibn Kuseyr (1162), the Alinja-Gala Fortress (11th-13th centuries), the majestic Khan Palace (18th century) and other historical sites are a small part of the historical heritage of this ancient region.
Nakhchivan is also a centre for health tourism, thanks to the salt caves of the Duzdag Mountain and various mineral springs located here.
Ordubad city is the second city of importance in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. It is located at the foothills of the Zangezur range, on the banks of the Ordubadchay River and on the slopes of the canyon of the same name.
Ordubad is a small town – its population slightly over 10 thousand. But the town gains most fame from the rock paintings on Gemigaya Mountain located 60 km to the south of Ordubad. This place stands second after Gobustan for its concentration of petroglyphs in Azerbaijan.
This district is located in the west of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and has a border with both Armenia and Iran.
Despite the fact the city itself is young, this land is an area of ancient settlements. Excavations undertaken in Arpachay and the valleys of the Araz River have discovered remains of Bronze Age settlements. The name of Sharur is mentioned as a name of one of clans in “Kitabi Dede Gorgud”.
Located on the top of mountains and thought to be from the Bronze Age and the beginning of Iron Age, “Gizgalasi” and “Oglangalasi” are the main archeological monuments of the region.
Shakhbuz district is located in the north of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Shakhbuz city is the administrative centre of the district. Ancient sites have been found close to Shakhbuz. Unusual residential places consisting of 4 rooms and a balcony had been cut out of the wall.
At an altitude of 1400 meters visitors can enjoy a picturesque natural recreation area, “Badamli” - a plant for the bottling of Badamli mineral water is also located here.
At the source of the Nakhchivanchay River at an altitude of 2500 meters above sea level, in the mountains of Shakhbuz district, there is the picturesque Lake Batabat, noted for its floating peat island.
This youngest district in the body of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic was established in 2004. It got its name from the Turkish Albanian Kengerli people. In the north the district borders with Armenia and in the south with Iran. The climate here is sharply continental –very hot in summer and very cold in winter.
Garabaglar village (“the Great Gardens”) is located on a picturesque slope of the Lesser Caucasus.
Garabaglar was one of the ancient centres of culture in Nakhchivan. Water pipes were constructed to deliver water from mountain rivers to the city. The preserved complex Garabaglar is a typical example of the Nakhchivan architectural school.