unique Shusha the beating heart of Karabakh

There are endless stories to tell about the majestic Shusha, founded back in the 18th century. Here we will highlight just a few of the most interesting facts that underscore the unparalleled significance of this fascinating city.

unique Shushathe beating heart of Karabakh

Shusha is one of the most beautiful corners of Azerbaijan, blessed with nature that boasts stunning landscape scattered with gushing springs. It is believed that Shusha (which translates to ‘glass’ in Azerbaijani) got its name because of its magnificent, clear air, which is reminiscent of glass.

In 2023, Shusha was chosen as the Cultural Capital of the Turkic world. For many centuries, it has been the centre of Azerbaijani culture, music and literature. This city has given the world legendary composers and poets, such as Uzeyir Hajibeyli and Molla Panah Vagif. Khurshidbanu Natavan, one of Azerbaijan’s first poetesses and a prominent figure in the country's literary heritage, also played an important role in Shusha's cultural life. The story of the first water pipeline in the city, installed in 1873 and named ‘Khan Gizi’ (The Khan's Daughter), is intimately associated with her.

Shusha is also famous for Karabakh horses, which were first bred here by Panah Ali Khan, the founder of the Karabakh Khanate. The famous Russian artist Vasily Vereshchagin once wrote in his memoirs that ‘The best horses I have ever seen in my life were in Shusha.’ Today, this breed is considered one of the most valuable in the world.

Another notable fact is that Shusha is home to the Kharibulbul, an endemic plant about which many legends and stories of incredible beauty and grandeur have been told. This distinctive flower from the orchid family resembles the form of a nightingale, hence its name: ‘khar’ translates to ‘thorn,’ and ‘bulbul’ means nightingale.

So, Shusha combines rich history, cultural heritage and rare natural attractions. This city continues to attract the attention of history and culture enthusiasts from around the world, maintaining its special and significant status over centuries.

unique Shusha | the beating heart of Karabakh
USEFUL INFORMATION

weather and season

Air temperature

Current:
28.6°C
Average:
23.2 – 31.4°C / 73.8–88.5°F

Feel temperature

Current:
28.3°C
Average:
25.1 – 32.6°C / 77.2–90.7°F

Wind

Current:
  • Cloudy; breezy this afternoon
  • N
  • speed 18.5 km/h

When to go

  • Peak Season:
  • Spring, summer, autumn

bookan adventure

Choose from a wide range of places to stay and tours to enjoy for the ultimate Azerbaijan travel experience.

Asset 1 tours

other experiencesin Karabakh

scenic Tugh to the roots of civilization
scenic Tugh to the roots of civilization
Heritage sites

scenic Tugh to the roots of civilization

Homeland of many historical figures, the once-flourishing village of Tugh has now been revived, embarking... More

architecture of Shusha  relic of the Karabakh Khans
architecture of Shusha relic of the Karabakh Khans
Medieval Architecture

architecture of Shusha relic of the Karabakh Khans

The mosques, house museums and mansions of Shusha, the cultural capital of Azerbaijan, not only... More

treasures of Tugh from the mists of time
treasures of Tugh from the mists of time
History and Local Lore Museums

treasures of Tugh from the mists of time

Tugh Village, located in the foothills of Karabakh in Khojavend District, is an ancient settlement... More

Shusha cuisine spectrum of flavours
Shusha cuisine spectrum of flavours
Experience local gastronomy

Shusha cuisine spectrum of flavours

Word of the varied flavours of Shusha’s sumptuous cuisine has long spread around the world.... More

revitalising Tugh a cultural rebirth
revitalising Tugh a cultural rebirth
Wineries

revitalising Tugh a cultural rebirth

The village of Tugh, renowned for its historical value and great tourism potential, is experiencing... More

theatre of history Sugovushan
theatre of history Sugovushan
Nature & adventure

theatre of history Sugovushan

The historical drama that has played out on the stage of Sugovushan and the surrounding... More

where time stands still Jidir Duzu
where time stands still Jidir Duzu
Hiking

where time stands still Jidir Duzu

Nestled within the embrace of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, Shsuha - cultural capital of Azerbaijan... More

Azerbaijan right now #ExperienceAzerbaijan

This is where your mind will wander, where your soul will flourish & where your senses come alive. Share your experience.

subscribe to our newsletter