Birdwatching in Besh Barmag Reserve

The Besh Barmag birdwatching site is a narrow coastal strip 90km north of Baku. Here birders can observe hundreds of different species migrating along the Caspian coast in spring and autumn.

birdwatching inBesh Barmag Reserve

If you travel to the Besh Barmag birding site in spring or autumn you may be lucky enough to observe as many as 200,000 birds passing through on a daily basis. Over 320 species have been recorded here and it’s possible to see over 100 or more species in a single day! Among the key species are a wide variety of raptors, including Imperial Eagle, Greater Spotted Eagle, Black Vulture, Pallid Harrier, Long-legged Buzzard, Peregrine, and more. You can also see great flocks of Little Bustards, Black-winged Pratincoles, Rosy Starlings, Pygmy Cormorants, and Calandra Larks. Meanwhile, thousands of ducks, herons and waders pass along the shoreline and rare passerines rest in the area. And if you head up to the nearby Mt Besh Barmag, which Azerbaijanis consider sacred, you can see Rock Nuthatch, Rock Sparrow, Finschs Wheatear and sometimes Wallcreeper. 

Target species:

Black-winged Pratincole (Glareola nordmanni) 
Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca)
Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) 
White-winged Lark (Alauda leucoptera)
Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus) 
Pallas’s Gull (Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus)

When to visit:

Spring and autumn.

Where to stay:

Located 3km from the birding observation site, Zarat Hotel (+994555258707) is a convenient and comfortable option. Other hotels can be found further south in Gilazi. For greater luxury, opt for Qalaalti Hotel & Spa about 30km north. 

birdwatching in | Besh Barmag Reserve

weather and season

Air temperature

8.5 – 14.3°C / 47.3–57.7°F

Feel temperature

8.1 – 13.9°C / 46.6–57.0°F


  • Low clouds
  • ESE
  • speed 9.3 km/h

When to go

  • Peak Season:
  • All year round

see locationon the map

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