The Lankaran-Astara region is located in the south of Azerbaijan and is known as a subtropical region with exceptionally picturesque nature rich in diverse flora and fauna. The Hirkan National Park and the Gizilagach Reserve are located here.
Lankaran is located in the south-eastern part of Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea. This is one of the most interesting cities in the country with its exquisite architecture, a wonderful climate and beautiful natural landscapes. Many of the local population are ethnic Talysh, who have to this day preserved their ancient traditions and customs. The Lankaran region's subtropical climate is ideal for growing citrus fruits, rice, grapes and tobacco and Lankaran tea is famous through the country. Hirkan National Park (home to the Caucasian leopard) and Gizilagaj Reserve are partially located in Lankaran and are extremely interesting for eco-tourism enthusiasts. There are also plenty of historical monuments in Lankaran, notably the Lankaran Fortress, or more accurately, its remaining fragments.
Lerik ideally suits those who want to get away from the hubbub of civilization, to breathe fresh mountain air and enjoy an unparalleled view of majestic mountains, rapid rivers and noisy waterfalls. Because of this lush environment, Lerik is quite rightly known for the longevity of its residents. Popular natural recreational zones in Lerik are Byulyudyul (20 km from the centre of the district) and Zyarigala (17 km) which have springs with delicious water. The woods and along the banks of Lerik River are ideal for hunting wild boar, hares, foxes, duck and grouse. Rare leopards are known to live deep within the mountain forests.
The Masalli region, located in the south of Azerbaijan, 270 km away from the capital city is known for its subtropical climate, azure beaches on the coast of the Caspian Sea and the abundance of hot springs, the most famous of which is Istisu. The thermal, mineral spring, Istisu (literally "hot water") has long been a place of pilgrimage for people suffering from rheumatism and other musculoskeletal and skin diseases.
Part of the Astara region is home to the Talysh Mountains and part is flat plains. The town of Astara is surrounded by rice paddies. High in the mountains, the Astarachay and Tengerud rivers originate and flow into the Caspian Sea. More than 37,000 hectares of the area are covered by forest and ancient woodland. Hirkan National Park is located in the Astara region and, along with Lankaran, is still home to a small number of Caucasian leopards.