The Caspian Sea coast is a popular tourist destination due to its warm climate. Here you can relax and unwind from the hectic pace of life all year round, as well as swim and sunbathe all the way from May to September. New modern hotels with well-kept private beaches for your comfort and pleasure have been built here during recent years. The climate of the peninsula is mainly subtropical which is why winters in Baku are always short and mild and summers long and hot. Despite the fact that Baku is located on the same latitude as Italy or Greece, rainfall is not that frequent and the average annual temperature is slightly higher.
The capital of Azerbaijan, where past and present are intricately intertwined, has always attracted tourists. Of particular interest to guests is the Old City or Icheri Sheher (Inner City) with its fortress walls and Maiden Tower. These fascinating structures are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Of no less interest for visitors is the modern appearance of the capital. Among the new landmarks of Baku are the magnificent Flame Towers, the Heydar Aliyev Centre and the sports, leisure and entertainment complex, Crystal Hall.
Washed by the waters of the Caspian Sea, the Absheron Peninsula is characterised by its sandy beaches and numerous suburban settlements, as well as its increasing number of hotels, water parks, cafés and restaurants. A number of historical monuments have been preserved here: the “Ateshgah” fire temple (17th-18th centuries), the 14th-century Nardaran Castle, the Round Castle (1232) and Quadrangular Castle (12th century) in the settlement of Mardakan, the 14th-century castle in Ramana and others.
Located 104 km from Baku is a mountainous region with a mild and dry climate known as Khizi. The area's main attraction is the legendary mountain, Beshbarmag (which translates as 'Five Fingers'), so named because of its unusual shape. One of the most beautiful parts of Azerbaijan – Altiagach Reserve, also called 'Jannat Bagi' ('The Garden of Eden'), is also located in the Khizi region.
Sixty km south of Baku, in an area covering 537 hectares, you will find the fascinating Gobustan National Park, also called the Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape. This contains one of the world's largest collections of ancient petroglyphs - there are over 6,000 rock carvings here which is why the area was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007.
The Gobustan region
Another area called Gobustan is situated along the Baku to Shamakhi highway, 90 km from Baku. The administrative center of the district is the ancient city of Maraza. The area is rich with monuments dating back to the ancient state of Shirvan which existed between the 8th-16th centuries and was ruled by the Shirvanshahs whose capital was Shamakhi.
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF AZERBAIJAN LITERATURE NAMED AFTER NIZAMI GANJAVI
BAKU AND THE ABSHERON