This part of the country is considered one of the most beautiful regions of Azerbaijan for its mountain lakes. Everything is beautiful here - mighty forests, snow-capped peaks, fast rivers, noisy waterfalls, healing mineral springs, crystal clear mountain air, motley subalpine and alpine meadows ...
Gandja is the second largest city in the country, a monument of the ancient culture, the industrial center of western Azerbaijan and a homeland of the great Nizami. City with a history of 2.5 thsd years.
There are a lot of forests, vineyards, lakes, rivers and mountains. The area is famous for many mineral springs and unique medicinal oil – naphthalan. extracted in 48 km from Ganja, in the city of Naftalan.
In the neighboring area of Goygol there is Goygol reserve which is the first reserve in Azerbaijan.
Naftalan city is a well-known petroleum spa resort, the center of medical tourism in Azerbaijan, located 330 km west of Baku and 50 km away from Ganja, the second largest city in the country.
There is a unique naftalan oil in Naftalan that has no analogues in the world. The curative naftalan oil is very helpful in the treatment of musculoskeletal system diseases, as well as neurological, urological, gynecological, skin and other diseases.
Among the known objects are: medical-prophylactic center Chinar Hotel & Spa, health center “Naftalan”, sanatorium “Gashalty” and others.
Tovuz district is located in the western part of Azerbaijan on the border with Georgia and Armenia.
The name of the city in accordance to the ancient Turkish written sources descended from the merge of the names of two kindred Turkish tribes – Oguz and Toguz. This merge took place exactly here, that is why it was fixed as a toponym.
There are many forests on the mountain slopes rich in flora and fauna as well as places where springs are purling. It is permitted to hunt mostly hares and swimming birds during the season.
Goygol district located in the western part of Azerbaijan is one of the most picturesque regions of the country. The State Goygol reserve founded in 1925 is located on the banks of the famous Goygol lake at an altitude of 1600 m above sea level. Lake Goygol is the cleanest among the mountain water reservoirs of the Caucasus.
The centre of the district formerly was called Elenendorf. It was founded by German colonists in August 22, 1819 at the place of an ancient village Hanlyglar that later formed a base of Hanlar city. Now Goygol district illustrates the friendship between Azerbaijan and German nations. A lot of work was done here to preserve the German heritage.
Favorable climate, rich cultural and historical heritage, and well developed infrastructure are the important factors, which make tourists attracted to Shamkir.
According to very modest calculations the city’s existence begins from the 5th century, and the period of 9th-11th centuries is considered to be its flourishing time. In 1235 Shamkir, along with Ganja was occupied and destroyed by Mongols. Later on a new city was built in this area, and the old one abandoned. There are full-scale excavations nowadays carried out in old Shamkir, the medieval ancient settlement laid on left bank of Shamkirchay River.
Travelers’ special interest is also shown in so called “German pages” of Shamkir’s history. Back in 1819, immigrants from Wurttemberg area, escaping from revolt of Napoleon wars, came to Azerbaijanand established here first two colonies – Yelenendorf and Annendorf (now Goygol and Shamkir cities). Later on four more colonies found their existence in the area. Since then, there remain many historical evidences of German “footprints” in Shamkir, among which the whole streets with German houses built along, beautiful Lutheran Church, parks, Winery and etc.