Historical and architectural sights

 

  • Bottle House

    In 1966-67 a Ganja resident Ibrahim Jafarov while building his house used an unusual material - glass bottles. Totally 48,000 bottles of various shapes and sizes were used in the construction, and he also used colored stones brought from Sochi. Ibrahim Jafarov dedicated the construction of the house to the memory of his brother who was missed during the II World War of 1941-45. The unusual house for many years has been a local attraction.



    Address:
    Huseyn Javid and Gambar Huseynli Streets Intersection, Ganja City.
  • Chokak Bath-House

    Some time after the construction of Juma mosque in the same year of 1606 Sheikh Bahauddin built Chokak hammam (bath-house) near it. The main purpose of the bath was to help Muslims in maintaining ritual cleanliness. Red brick, a mixture of egg whites, clay and lime were used In the construction of the bath-house. It worked until 1963. Since 2002 Chokak-Hamam was given the status of a cultural monument of international importance and it is protected by UNESCO.



    Address:
    Javad-khan Str., Ganja City.
  • Ganja Fortress

    The famous Ganja fortress, known as "The Shield of Asia" was built by the leader of Turkish army in the Caucasus Farhad Pasha according to the order of the Turkish Sultan Murad III in 1588. The total length of the walls, erected 7 km away from the historic center of Ganja, reached 13.7 km and height - 12 m. Only one fragment of the fortress walls remained, and now is called "Shiralibay’s Tower." In 2007 it was reconstructed. 



    Address:
    “Khan bagi” park of culture and rest, Ayna Sultanova Str., Ganja City.
  • Imamzade Complex

    "Imamzade" is a historical monument, which was built in the VIII century. That time the son of the fifth Imam Mohammad Baghir Ibrahim was buried there. The construction of the mausoleum "Imamzade" is dated to the end of 14th and early 15th centuries; the mosque and other mausoleums were built in the XVII-XVIII centuries. This magnificent religious and historical complex was recently restored.



    Address:
    Near to Ancient Ganja ruins, 7 km away from Ganja City.
  • Javad Khan Mausoleum

    Javad Khan Mausoleum is located on the territory of Juma Mosque in the center of Ganja. He was the last ruler of Ganja Khanate. Jawad Khan’s reign (1786-1804 years) was marked by unprecedented prosperity of Ganja. The Khanate had its flag and emblem. In 1804, Javad Khan and his middle son Aga Huseyn were killed in a battle, during the attack of the city by Russian troops.



    Address:
    Heydar Aliyev Ave., Ganja City.
  • Jomardi Gassab Tomb

    The tomb of national hero Jomardi Gassab was built on the right bank of the Ganjachay River a kilometer away from the walls of ancient Ganja in VII-VIII centuries. Jomardi Gassab in Azerbaijani means "generous butcher." Jomardi Gassab earned people's respect for his fairness, honesty, truthfulness, benevolence. In addition, he was among the first in Ganja converted to Islam. The old tomb was destroyed in the 60s of 20th century. In 2004 the burial place of the national hero was found and a new tomb was built.



    Address:
    Tagi Arani, Ganja, AZ2000
  • Juma Mosque

    The mosque was built in the 17th century (1606), during the reign and according to the order of Shah Abbas I the Great. This mosque is often called "Shah Abbas’ mosque". The building of the mosque, which is the real pride of Ganja, was designed by the architect, astronomer and vizier of Shah Abbas - Sheikh Bahauddin Mohammad Amil, a direct descendant of Nizami. The building was made of the traditional for Ganja red bricks, with a mixture of egg whites, clay and lime.



    Address:
    Heydar Aliyev Ave., Ganja City.
  • Nizami Ganjavi Mausoleum

    The first mausoleum at the tomb of Nizami was built in the 13th-14th centuries. In 1947 a new mausoleum was built. The current building dates back to the year of 1991. Near the mausoleum there is a sculptural complex depicting the great poet surrounded by the characters of his works. An artificial lake and five fountains were made to symbolize the five major poems of Nizami, known as "Hamsa".



    Address:
    Baku-Yevlakh Highway, Ganja City.
  • Shah Abbas Caravansarai

    Another historic building in Sheikh Bahauddin’s ensemble is Ganja caravanserai, which was built by the orders of Shah Abbas and bears his name. The two-story caravanserai was built in the 17th century in oriental style; there are 15 halls and 54 rooms. Today the building of the caravanserai is under restoration.



    Address:
    61 Sheykh Bakhauddin Str., Ganja City.
  • Ugurlu Khan Caravansarai

    Another caravanserai was built next to Shah Abbas’ caravanserai, it is called Ugurlu Khan. Both caravanserais are connected by four internal passages. The caravanserai dates back to 17th century. Most probably the caravanserai was built by Ugurlu Khan I, the nephew of Ganja baylarbay 1663-64 Murtuzaguluhan Ziyadoglu and bears his name.



    Address:
    59 Sheykh Bakhauddin Str., Ganja City.

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